We all have desires which we would like to see fulfilled. We set goals in life which we hope to achieve. The author of proverbs, although he acknowledges that mankind have personal desires in common, divides them in two groups: The desires of the righteous and the wicked. This distinction makes it clear that, although we are connected in the sense that we all have desires, there is a difference in the kind of desires we have and therefore a difference in the results we can expect of such desires.
Generally the desires of the wicked involves hurting others in some way or another. This could be premeditated or it could be indirectly because of some desire to advance their own aspirations which they could only achieve by trampling on someone else. They desire to take revenge on anyone who dares to cross them. They love to curse but it will come on them. Blessing others were far from their lips, therefore blessings will be far from their lives too. They hope for nothing except that which is offensive to God.
For this reason, their desires will boomerang and come back on them. What they have desired for others (which is generally not good), will come upon them instead, because their selfish desires incurs upon them the wrath of God. This is the God who asks us to love others and to treat them as we would like to be treated. He will not leave the desires of the wicked unpunished. It may be that they expect good to come to them through all their scheming and deception, but it is only God’s wrath they should be expecting.
A righteous person desires the glory of God and the good of others, sometimes at personal cost to himself. He delights in God and His ways and because he delights in God, he will receive from God the desires of his heart (see Psalm 37:4). A righteous heart desires happiness for others and not happiness for himself at the cost of others. The righteous desire to overcome any wrong within them and they hunger and thirst for what is right. They are not self-seeking and rejoice when the truth wins over injustice.
Although we have received the righteousness of Christ, not all our desires are at all times righteous and good, but the power of the Spirit of Christ alive in us overcomes and often puts to death unrighteous desires arising from our flesh. It is through His work of grace in us that we are able to grow from glory to glory, more and more into the image of Christ –the Righteous One. Righteous desires lead to good results. He gives us these righteous desires and then He rewards us for what He has given us.